1. Each Party may request consultations at any time concerning safety standards maintained by
the other Party in areas relating to aeronautical facilities, aircrew, aircraft or the operation of
aircraft. Such consultations shall take place within thirty (30) days of that request.
2. If, following such consultations, one Party finds that the other Party does not effectively
maintain and administer safety standards in the areas referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article
that are at least equal to or above the minimum standards established at that time pursuant to
the Convention, the first Party shall notify the other Party of those findings and the steps
considered necessary to conform with those minimum standards, and that other Party shall take
appropriate corrective action. Failure by the other Party to take appropriate action within fifteen
(15) days or such longer period as may be agreed shall be grounds for the application of Article
4 of this Agreement.
3. Pursuant to Article 16 of the Convention, it is further agreed that any aircraft operated by the
designated airlines of one Party on services to or from the territory of the other Party may, while
within the territory of the other Party, be the subject of an examination on board and around the
aircraft by the authorized representatives of the other Party, provided this does not lead to
unreasonable delay. Notwithstanding the obligations mentioned in Article 33 of the Convention,
the purpose of this examination is to verify the validity of the relevant aircraft documents, the
licensing of its crew and the apparent condition of the aircraft and its equipment (in this Article
called “ramp inspection”).
4. If any such ramp inspection or series of ramp inspections gives rise to serious concerns that
an aircraft or the operation of an aircraft does not comply with the minimum standards established
at that time pursuant to the Convention, or serious concerns that there is a lack of effective
maintenance and administration of safety standards established at that time pursuant to the
Convention, the Party carrying out the inspection shall, for the purposes of Article 33 of the
Convention, be free to conclude that the requirements under which the certificate or licenses in
respect of that aircraft or in respect of the crew of that aircraft had been issued or rendered valid,
or that the requirements under which that aircraft is operated, are not equal to or above the
minimum standards established pursuant to the Convention.
5. In the event that access for the purpose of undertaking a ramp inspection of an aircraft operated
by a designated airline of one Party in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article is denied by a
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