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CHAPTER V Multiple nationality

Article 14

Cases of multiple nationality ex lege

1 — A State Party shall allow:

a) Children having different nationalities acquired automatically at birth to retain these nationalities;

b) Its nationals to possess another nationality where this other nationality is automatically acquired by marriage.

2 — The retention of the nationalities mentioned in paragraph 1 is subject to the relevant provisions of article 7 of this Convention.

Article 15 Other possible cases of multiple nationality

The provisions of this Convention shall not limit the right of a State Party to determine in its internal law whether:

a) Its nationals who acquire or possess the nationality of another State retain its nationality or lose it;

b) The acquisition or retention of its nationality

is subject to the renunciation or loss of another


Article 16 Conservation of previous nationality

A State Party shall not make the renunciation or loss of another nationality a condition for the acquisition or retention of its nationality where such renunciation or loss is not possible or cannot reasonably be required.

Article 17 Rights and duties related to multiple nationality

1 — Nationals of a State Party in possession of another nationality shall have, in the territory of that State Party in which they reside, the same rights and duties as other nationals of that State Party.

2 — The provisions of this chapter do not affect:

a) The rules of international law concerning diplomatic or consular protection by a State Party in favour of one of its nationals who simultaneously possesses another nationality;

b) The application of the rules of private international law of each State Party in cases of mult/pie nationality.

CHAPTER VI State succession and nationality

Article 18


1 — In matters of nationality in cases of State succession, each State Party concerned shall respect the

principles of the rule of law, the rules concerning human rights and the principles contained in articles 4 and 5 of this Convention and in paragraph 2 of this article, in particular in order to avoid statelessness.

2 — In deciding on the granting or the retention of nationality in cases of State succession, each State Party concerned shall take account in particular of:

a) The genuine and effective link of the person concerned with the State;

b) The habitual residence of the person concerned at the time of State succession;

c) The will of the person concerned;

d) The territorial origin of the person concerned.

3 — Where the acquisition of nationality is subject to the loss of a foreign nationality, the provisions of article 16 of this Convention shall apply.

Article 19 Settlement by international agreement

In cases of State succession, States Parties concerned shall endeavour to regulate matters relating to nationality by agreement amongst themselves and, where applicable, in their relationship with other States concerned. Such agreements shall respect the principles and rules contained or referred to in this chapter.

Article 20

Principles concerning non-nationals

1 — Each State Party shall respect the following principles:

a) Nationals of a predecessor State habitually resident in the territory over which sovereignty is transferred to a successor State and who have not acquired its nationality shall have the right to remain in that State;

b) Persons referred to in subparagraph a) shall enjoy equality of treatment with nationals of the successor State in relation to social and economic rights.

2 — Each State Party may exclude persons considered under paragraph 1 from employment in the public service involving the exercise of sovereign powers.

CHAPTER VII Military obligations in cases of multiple nationality

Article 21 Fulfillment of military obligations

1 — Persons possessing the nationality of two or more States Parties shall be required to fulfil their military obligations in relation to one of those States Parties only.

2 — The modes of application of paragraph 1 may be determined by special agreements between any of the States Parties.

3 — Except where a special agreement which has been, or may be, concluded provides otherwise, the fol-